Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9865
Title: Protected areas, conservation and tourism - financing the sustainable dream
Authors: Whitelaw, PA
King, BEM 
Tolkach, D 
Keywords: Alternative funding mechanisms
Ecosystem services
Nature-based tourism
Protected areas
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Source: Journal of sustainable tourism, 2014, v. 22, no. 4, p. 584-603 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of sustainable tourism 
Abstract: Many commentators suggest that tourism could help fund the ever growing number of protected areas. The traditional reliance on government sources to support protected areas is increasingly untenable, in both the developed and developing world. This paper reviews the relationship between tourism and protected areas to assess opportunities for sustainable funding to assure effective stewardship. It explores a range of innovative and creative alternative funding mechanisms which could be consistent with a positive evolving relationship between tourism and protected areas. An outline classification of four protected area archetypes for management and funding purposes is suggested, based on a combination of visitation and biodiversity levels. To service the management of those four types, a series of non-government revenue streams are explored such as payments for ecosystem service (ES), environmental mortgages, intrinsic value funding, carbon abatement funding and research dividend funding. Issues discussed include: the willingness to pay on the part of potential visitors, the potential impact of fees on visitation, "quarantining" particularly valuable ecosystems from visitation and intrinsic value funding, the unpredictability of environmental mortgages and the potential stability of ES payments. Further research is required in data analysis and into the design of land tenure systems and regulatory mechanisms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9865
ISSN: 0966-9582
EISSN: 1747-7646
DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2013.873445
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