Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9606
Title: Bis(12)-hupyridone, a novel multifunctional dimer, promotes neuronal differentiation more potently than its monomeric natural analog huperzine A possibly through alpha7 nAChR
Authors: Cui, W
Cui, GZ
Li, W
Zhang, Z
Hu, S
Mak, S
Zhang, H
Carlier, PR
Choi, CL
Wong, YT
Lee, SMY
Han, Y 
Keywords: α7nAChR
Bis(12)-hupyridone
Differentiation
Huperzine A
Neural stem cell
Neurodegenerative disorder
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Brain research, 2011, v. 1401, p. 10-17 How to cite?
Journal: Brain research 
Abstract: The cause of many neurodegenerative disorders can be ascribed to the loss of functional neurons, and thus agents capable of promoting neuronal differentiation may have therapeutic benefits to patients of these disorders. In this study, the effects and underlying mechanisms of bis(12)-hupyridone (B12H), a novel dimeric acetylcholinesterase inhibitor modified from huperzine A (HA), on neuronal differentiation were investigated using both the rat PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line and adult rat hippocampus neural stem cells. B12H (3-30 μM), characterized by morphological changes and expression of GAP-43, induced neurite outgrowth in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, with almost 3-fold higher efficacy than that of HA in PC12 cells. Furthermore, B12H (2.5-10 μM), but not HA, promoted neuronal differentiation as shown by the percentage increase of βIII-tubulin positive neurons in neural stem cells. The activities of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), as well as its downstream transcription factors Elk-1 and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) were elevated in the B12H-treated PC12 cells. Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors and alpha7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) antagonist blocked the neurite outgrowth and the activation of ERK induced by B12H. All these findings suggest that B12H potently induces pro-neuronal cells into differentiated neurons by activating the ERK pathway possibly via regulating α7nAChR. These findings support the recent proposition that α7nAChR is required for the neuronal dendritic arborization and differentiation in the adult mice hippocampus, and provide insights into the possible therapeutic potential of B12H in treating neurodegenerative disorders.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9606
ISSN: 0006-8993
EISSN: 1872-6240
DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.05.042
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