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Title: Dynamics of fast dislocations
Authors: Woo, CH
Keywords: Crystalline solids
Transonic dislocation
Ultra-high strain
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Elsevier Science Sa
Source: Materials science and engineering a, 2003, v. 350, no. 1-2, p. 223-232 How to cite?
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering A 
Abstract: Plastic deformation of crystalline solids at ultra-high strain rates may involve dislocations moving at supersonic speeds, the feasibility of which has been demonstrated via molecular dynamics simulation. The motion of these dislocations in a crystal depends on the defects they encounter, which may slow, or even pin, them down. Recently, we have conducted a series of investigations on the dynamics of transonic dislocations during their interactions with other dislocations, small voids and small interstitial loops, using the molecular dynamics method. The results indicate that a transonic dislocation will be slowed down to subsonic speed by a subsonic dislocation in front of it, and that approaching dislocations at sufficiently high velocities may not form a stable dipole. Small defects, like voids and interstitial clusters, on the other hand, will only temporarily slow down a segment of the transonic dislocation, which absorbs the interstitial loop by forming jogs, and sweeps the void into a few smaller defects of vacancy type. Upon release from the clusters, this segment of dislocation regains speed and becomes transonic again. In view of the possible important role played by high-speed dislocations during high-speed deformation, and from the point of scientific interest, we summarize this series of investigations, and discuss their implications in the present paper.
ISSN: 0921-5093
DOI: 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00701-3
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