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Title: Compressive behavior of fiber reinforced high-performance concrete subjected to elevated temperatures
Authors: Poon, CS 
Shui, ZH
Lam, L
Keywords: Compressive behavior
Elevated temperatures
High-performance concrete
PP fibers
Steel fibers
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Cement and concrete research, 2004, v. 34, no. 12, p. 2215-2222 How to cite?
Journal: Cement and concrete research 
Abstract: In this paper, the effects of elevated temperatures on the compressive strength stress-strain relationship (stiffness) and energy absorption capacities (toughness) of concretes are presented. High-performance concretes (HPCs) were prepared in three series, with different cementitious material constitutions using plain ordinary Portland cement (PC), with and without metakaolin (MK) and silica fume (SF) separate replacements. Each series comprised a concrete mix, prepared without any fibers, and concrete mixes reinforced with either or both steel fibers and polypropylene (PP) fibers. The results showed that after exposure to 600 and 800 °C, the concrete mixes retained, respectively, 45% and 23% of their compressive strength, on average. The results also show that after the concrete was exposed to the elevated temperatures, the loss of stiffness was much quicker than the loss in compressive strength, but the loss of energy absorption capacity was relatively slower. A 20% replacement of the cement by MK resulted in a higher compressive strength but a lower specific toughness, as compared with the concrete prepared with 10% replacement of cement by SF. The MK concrete also showed quicker losses in the compressive strength, elastic modulus and energy absorption capacity after exposure to the elevated temperatures. Steel fibers approximately doubled the energy absorption capacity of the unheated concrete. They were effective in minimizing the degradation of compressive strength for the concrete after exposure to the elevated temperatures. The steel-fiber-reinforced concretes also showed the highest energy absorption capacity after the high-temperature exposure, although they suffered a quick loss of this capacity. In comparison, using PP fibers reduced the energy absorption capacity of the concrete after exposure to 800 °C, although it had a minor beneficial effect on the energy absorption capacity of the concrete before heating.
ISSN: 0008-8846
EISSN: 1873-3948
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.02.011
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