Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8954
Title: Prevalence of and risk factors for needlestick and sharps injuries among nursing students in Hong Kong
Authors: Cheung, K 
Ching, SSY 
Chang, KKP 
Ho, SC
Keywords: Biological hazards
Cross-sectional study
Novice
Occupational health
Predictors
Reporting behaviors
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Mosby
Source: American journal of infection control, 2012, v. 40, no. 10, p. 997-1001 How to cite?
Journal: American journal of infection control 
Abstract: Background: Although nursing students are at greater risk for needlestick injuries (NSIs) and sharps injuries (SIs) than staff nurses, there is a lack of research on NSIs and SIs in students, especially in different years of study. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for and prevalence of NSIs and SIs among nursing students in different years of study. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey study using a questionnaire confirmed to be valid and reliable, with a content validity index of 0.96 and reliability index of 0.82. Results: A total of 878 nursing students (response rate, 76.61%), participated in the study. NSIs/SIs, NSIs, and SIs were significantly increased by year of study (P <.001) in both the study period and 12-month prevalence. Four predictors for NSIs/SIs were final-year study (odds ratio [OR], 11.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9-36.7), perception of not receiving prevention training (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1-7.5), perception of not using a kidney dish to contain used needles and sharps (OR, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.7-10.3), and perception of not immediately discarding used needles and syringes into a sharps box (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.2-7.4). Conclusions: Preclinical training, reinforcement of kidney dish use, immediate discarding of used needles, and adequate clinical supervision are essential elements in reducing the risk of NSIs and SIs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8954
ISSN: 0196-6553
EISSN: 1527-3296
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.01.023
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