Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8841
Title: Double hysteresis loop and aging effect in K0.5Na 0.5NbO3-K5.4Cu1.3Ta 10O9 lead-free ceramics
Authors: Lin, D
Kwok, KW 
Chan, HLW 
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2009, v. 92, no. 6, p. 1362-1365 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of the American Ceramic Society 
Abstract: In this work, the double-loop-like characteristics of K 0.5Na0.5NbO3+x mol% K5.4Cu 1.3Ta10O9 ceramic and its relationships with the transition temperature, aging, and switching have been investigated. Our results reveal that the phase transition temperature is an important parameter determining the aging requirement for the ceramics to exhibit the double-loop-like characteristics. For a ceramic with a high transition temperature, e.g. the ceramic with x=0.75 (tetragonal-orthorhombic phase temperature ∼206°C), the vacancies can migrate during the crystal transformation and settle in a distribution with the same symmetry as the crystal after the transformation. As a result, defect dipoles along the polarization direction are formed and provide restoring forces to reverse the switched polarizations, and thus producing a double polarization hysteresis (P-E) loop. On the other hand, aging is required for a ceramic with a low transition temperature, e.g. aging at 80°C for 30 days is required for the ceramic with x=1.5 (transition temperature ∼175°C). Our results also reveal that the defect dipoles can be switched under a slow-switching electric field (<1 Hz) or at high temperatures (>100°C), thus leading to an opening of the double P-E loop.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8841
ISSN: 0002-7820
EISSN: 1551-2916
DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03062.x
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