Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8718
Title: Poling of ferroelectric PT/P(VDF-TrFE) 0-3 composite
Authors: Or, YT
Ploss, B
Shin, FG
Chan, HLW 
Choy, CL 
Keywords: 0-3 composite
Lead titanate
LIMM
Polarization
Pyroelectric
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Integrated ferroelectrics, 2002, v. 47, p. 19-28 How to cite?
Journal: Integrated ferroelectrics 
Abstract: Thick-film composites with 5 % to 30 % volume fraction of nanocrystalline lead titanate (PT) ceramic particles dispersed in a 70/30 mol-% vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene [P(VDF-TrFE)] copolymer matrix were prepared by solution casting followed by compression moulding. The crystal structure of the PT particles and the microstructure of the composite were characterized by XRD and SEM, respectively. The composites were poled at elevated temperature to produce samples with only the ceramic phase polarized. The poling current was recorded during the poling process, and a roughly exponential decay has been observed with "time constants" in the order of 103 s. The pyroelectric coefficient has been studied as a function of poling time. The built-up of the pyroelectric coefficient is faster than the decay of the poling current. Among composites with different ceramic loading the polarization develops with a higher rate in the composites with higher ceramic volume fraction. The polarization profiles of the poled composites have also been studied using the laser intensity modulation method (LIMM). Composite films with 30 % ceramic volume fraction poled for 103 s show a uniform polarization profile along the thickness direction, except in regions very close to the surfaces. The poling state of the ceramic inclusions was investigated by XRD. Intensity changes in the (002) and (200) diffraction peaks after poling reflect 90° domain switching in the PT inclusions. The poling ratio was estimated from the intensities of the diffraction peaks. A higher poling ratio of the ceramic inclusions was obtained in composites with higher ceramic volume fraction.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8718
ISSN: 1058-4587
EISSN: 1607-8489
DOI: 10.1080/10584580215405
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