Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8568
Title: Negative poisson's ratio weft-knitted fabrics
Authors: Liu, Y
Hu, H 
Lam, JKC
Liu, S
Keywords: Auxetic
Geometrical analysis
Negative Poisson's ratio
Weft knitting
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Textile research journal, 2010, v. 80, no. 9, p. 856-863 How to cite?
Journal: Textile research journal 
Abstract: This paper presents a study of using weft-knitting technology to fabricate negative Poisson's ratio (NPR) knitted fabrics, which exhibit the unusual property of becoming wider when stretched. Based on a geometrical analysis of a three-dimensional NPR structure constructed with parallelogram planes of the same shape and size, a new kind of NPR weft-knitted fabric was firstly designed and fabricated on a computerized flat-knitting machine. Then the NPR values of these fabrics were evaluated and compared with those from the theoretical calculations. The results show that all knitted fabrics have the NPR effect, which decreases with increased strain in the course direction. This variation trend is consistent with the theoretical prediction. The results also show that the main structure parameter affecting the NPR effect of a fabric is the opening angle at its initial state. Fabric with a smaller opening angle will have higher NPR values. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of fabricating NPR-knitted fabrics by using weft-knitting technology if a suitable structure and parameters are selected.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8568
ISSN: 0040-5175
EISSN: 1746-7748
DOI: 10.1177/0040517509349788
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