Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8524
Title: The effectiveness of artificial intelligent 3-D virtual reality vocational problem-solving training in enhancing employment opportunities for people with traumatic brain injury
Authors: Man, DWK 
Poon, WS
Lam, C
Keywords: Artificial intelligence
Cognitive rehabilitation
Employment
Technology
Traumatic brain injury
Virtual reality
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Brain injury, 2013, v. 27, no. 9, p. 1016-1025 How to cite?
Journal: Brain injury 
Abstract: Background: People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience cognitive deficits in attention, memory, executive functioning and problem-solving. The purpose of the present research study was to examine the effectiveness of an artificial intelligent virtual reality (VR)-based vocational problem-solving skill training programme designed to enhance employment opportunities for people with TBI. Method: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of the above programme with that of the conventional psycho-educational approach. Forty participants with mild (n=20) or moderate (n=20) brain injury were randomly assigned to each training programme. Comparisons of problem-solving skills were performed with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Tower of London Test and the Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale. Results: Improvement in selective memory processes and perception of memory function were found. Across-group comparison showed that the VR group performed more favourably than the therapist-led one in terms of objective and subjective outcome measures and better vocational outcomes. Conclusions: These results support the potential use of a VR-based approach in memory training in people with MCI. Further VR applications, limitations and future research are described.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8524
ISSN: 0269-9052
EISSN: 1362-301X
DOI: 10.3109/02699052.2013.794969
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