Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8387
Title: Road user charging design : dealing with multi-objectives and constraints
Authors: Sumalee, A
Shepherd, S
May, A
Keywords: Cordon pricing
Genetic algorithms
Multi-objectives
Policy optimization
Road pricing
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer
Source: Transportation, 2009, v. 36, no. 2, p. 167-186 How to cite?
Journal: Transportation 
Abstract: This paper proposes an innovative approach for designing a road user charging scheme to meet multiple policy objectives. Three practical features are integrated into the design methodology including (i) cordon formation, (ii) a set of design constraints, and (iii) multiple objectives of the scheme. The methods also consider possible responses of road travellers to the charging scheme. Two methods based on genetic algorithms (GA) are developed for optimising a charging cordon scheme with constraints and with multiple objectives. The dynamic self-adaptive penalty GA and Non-dominated Sorting GA II (NSGA-II) are applied to the constrained design and multi-objective design respectively. The objective functions or constraints considered include social welfare improvement, revenue generation, and distributional equity impact. A case study of the City of Edinburgh is presented and common characteristics of charging cordon designs which perform well against the three objectives are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/8387
ISSN: 0049-4488
DOI: 10.1007/s11116-009-9197-9
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