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Title: NO X -VOC-O 3 sensitivity in urban environments of Sri Lanka
Authors: Perera, GBS
Manthilake, MMID
Sugathapala, AGT
Lai, NH 
Lee, SC 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Asian journal of atmospheric environment, 2019, v. 13, no. 1, p. 62-72
Abstract: Physical phenomenon of the relation among the ground level O 3 , NO X and VOC governed by complex nonlinear photochemistry in urban environments is explained in detail using the ambient pollutant concentration data of eleven cities in Sri Lanka. The time-series analysis was conducted using the 24-hour average ambient concentrations of PM 10 , NO 2 , CO, O 3 and SO 2 air pollutants obtained from fixed air pollution monitoring station located in Colombo since 2008. Further analysis was carried out from the mobile air pollution monitoring station for eleven cities. The hourly averaged ambient real time air quality data i.e. VOC, NO 2 , NO, O 3 pollutants and the corresponding meteorological parameters were analyzed and presented in weekly results for the base year 2013, 2014 and 2015. It was identified that there exist two regimes of NO X -VOC-O 3 sensitivity among these cities. Colombo, Kurunegala, Jaffna, Matara, Badulla, Pollonnaruwa, and Gampaha are the NO X -sensitive regime. While Rathnapura, Anuradhapura, Kandy and Nuwaraelliya are the VOC-sensitive regime. In the NO X -sensitive regime (with relatively low NO X and high VOC), O 3 increases with the increasing NO X and slightly changes in response to the increasing VOC levels. In the NO X -saturated or VOC-sensitive regime, O 3 decreases with increasing NO X level and increases with increasing VOC levels. In the immediate vicinity of very large emissions of NO, O 3 concentrations are depressed through the process of NO X titration. Mathematical relationships were developed to calculate the steady state ozone concentration (O 3ss ) that gives the values for both NO X -sensitive regime and the VOC-sensitive regime. Establishment of these relationships are essential for Sri Lanka to develop the appropriate interventions for controlling O 3 pollution in each city.
Keywords: NO X -VOC-O 3 sensitivity
Sri Lanka
Urban environments
Volatile Organic Compounds
Publisher: Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Journal: Asian journal of atmospheric environment 
ISSN: 1976-6912
EISSN: 2287-1160
DOI: 10.5572/ajae.2019.13.1.062
Rights: Copyright © 2019 by Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication GBS, P., MMID, M., AGT, S., & LN, H. (2019). NO X-VOC-O 3 Sensitivity in Urban Environments of Sri Lanka. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment (AJAE), 13(1) is available at
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