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Title: A compound HVAC-based demand response method for urgent responses of commercial buildings towards smart grids
Authors: Jin, C
Yan, C
Tang, R 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: IOP conference series : earth and environmental science, 2019, v. 238, no. 1, 12064 How to cite?
Journal: IOP conference series : earth and environmental science 
Abstract: As the major electricity consumers worldwide, buildings can play an important role for power balance of smart grid through demand response (DR). Demand side-based control and supply side-based control are two typical types of DR measures when using centralized building air-conditioning systems for DR. For demand side-based control, the major disadvantage is that the response speed is generally too slow to allow buildings providing an immediate power reduction for the smart grid. For supply side-based control, the response speed is fast enough while it may cause control disorder to the whole system and uneven indoor temperature increase among different zones. In order to overcome above disadvantages, we proposed a novel DR method for building air-conditioning systems, which combines both the demand side-based and supply side-based control simultaneously. It consists of two major steps. First, some running chillers will be shut down to provide an immediate power reduction once urgent power reduction requests from smart grids are received by buildings. Second, the indoor air temperature set-points will be adjusted stepwise based on an "incremental schedule" to achieve a uniformly indoor temperature rise among all concerned zones/rooms. By implementing such two steps, an immediate power reduction is achieved while minimizing the uneven sacrifice of thermal comfort among different occupants. Two new performance indexes are proposed to evaluate the thermal comfort performance of DR methods. The proposed DR method is implemented and tested as case study in a virtual building dynamically simulated by TRNSYS. Five scenarios with different incremental steps for adjusting the temperature set-points are compared to determine the optimum "incremental schedule". Results show that buildings can provide immediate power reduction and achieve a small and even thermal comfort sacrifice by implementing the proposed compound DR method.
Description: 4th Asia Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, ASIM 2018, Hong Kong, 3-5 December 2018
ISSN: 1755-1307
DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/238/1/012064
Rights: Content from this work may be used under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence ( Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
The following publication Jin, C., Yan, C., & Tang, R. (2019, February). A Compound HVAC-Based Demand Response Method for Urgent Responses of Commercial Buildings Towards Smart Grids. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 238, No. 1, p. 012064). IOP Publishing is available at
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