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Title: Monuron photodegradation using peroxymonosulfate activated by non-metal-doped TiO2 under visible LED and the modeling via a parallel-serial kinetic approach
Authors: Abdelhaleem, A 
Chu, W 
Keywords: Photodegradation
PMS activation
Mathematical model
Visible LED
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Chemical engineering journal, 15 Apr. 2018, v. 338, p. 411-421 How to cite?
Journal: Chemical engineering journal 
Abstract: N-doped TiO2 (NT) was proven to be efficient for monuron decay via peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation under visible LED (Vis LED). The activation mechanism revealed that (OH)-O-center dot and SO4-center dot have a critical role in the monuron decay with a ratio of about 3 to 1, respectively; and the holes at the catalyst surface are the main precursors in forming SO4-center dot. The NT/PMS/Vis LED hybrid process was found to be an effective approach under a wide solution pH range of 2.5-9.2 (> 80% decay). Interestingly, the highest efficiency was observed at pH 9.2 due to the contribution of PMS/Vis LED process by generating both (OH)-O-center dot and SO4-center dot at alkaline pH. However, the decay rate of monuron was inhibited at pH 11.6 due to the dissociation of (OH)-O-center dot into O-center dot and the electrostatic repulsion among reagents. The process was also suitable for ion-rich wastewater since no significant reduction in the performance was induced in the presence of high concentrations of inorganic anions. Furthermore, the process was proven to be a promising approach for mineralization of monuron and its intermediates. Twenty reaction intermediates were detected and five of them are newly reported. A novel mathematical model was established based on reaction intermediates using a parallel-serial-irreversible reaction approach, which is helpful in predicting the detoxification extent of hazardous intermediates.
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2018.01.036
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