Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79894
Title: Summertime C-1-C-5 alkyl nitrates over beijing, northern China : spatial distribution, regional transport, and formation mechanisms
Authors: Sun, JJ
Li, ZY
Xue, LK
Wang, T 
Wang, XF
Gao, J
Nie, W
Simpson, IJ
Gao, R
Blake, DR
Chai, FH
Wang, WX
Keywords: Alkyl nitrate
Master chemical mechanism
Observation-based model
Regional transport
Beijing
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Atmospheric research, 15 May 2018, v. 204, p. 102-109 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric research 
Abstract: Alkyl nitrates (RONO2) are an important class of nitrogen oxides reservoirs in the atmosphere and play a key role in tropospheric photochemistry. Despite the increasing concern for photochemical air pollution over China, the knowledge of characteristics and formation mechanisms of alkyl nitrates in this region is limited. We analyzed C-1-C-5 alkyl nitrates measured in Beijing at a polluted urban site in summer 2008 and at a downwind rural site in summers of both 2005 and 2008. Although the abundances of NOx, and hydrocarbons were much lower at the rural site, the mixing ratios of RONO2 were comparable between both sites, emphasizing the regional nature of alkyl nitrate pollution. Regional transport of urban plumes governed the elevated RONO2 levels at the rural site. The concentrations of C-1-C-2 RONO2 were significantly higher at the rural site in 2008 compared to 2005 despite a decline in NO and anthropogenic VOCs, mainly owing to enhanced contributions from biogenic VOCs. The photochemical formation regimes of RONO2 were evaluated by both a simplified sequential reaction model and a detailed master chemical mechanism box model. The observed C-4-C-5 RONO2 levels can be well explained by the photochemical degradation of n-butane and n-pentane, while the sources of C-1-C-3 RONO2 were rather complex. In addition to the C-1-C-3 alkanes, biogenic VOCs and reactive aromatics were also important precursors of methyl nitrate, and alkenes and long-chain alkanes contributed to the formation of C-2-C-3 RONO2. This study provides insights into the spatial distribution, inter-annual variation and photochemical formation mechanisms of alkyl nitrate pollution over the Beijing area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79894
ISSN: 0169-8095
EISSN: 1873-2895
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.01.014
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