Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79881
Title: Performance improvement of a direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell through integrating an Otto heat engine
Authors: Xu, HR 
Chen, B 
Tan, P 
Zhang, HC 
Yuan, JL
Irvine, JTS
Ni, M 
Keywords: Solid oxide fuel cell
Carbon gasification
Air standard Otto heat engine
Performance improvement
Parametric study
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Energy conversion and management, 1 June 2018, v. 165, p. 761-770 How to cite?
Journal: Energy conversion and management 
Abstract: A novel system consisting of an external heat source, a direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell (DC-SOFC), a regenerator and an air standard Otto cycle engine is proposed to improve the performance of the DC-SOFC. Considering the electrochemical/chemical reactions, ionic/electronic charge transport, mass/momentum transport and heat transfer, a 2D tubular DC-SOFC model shows that the overall heat released in the cell can be smaller than, equal to or larger than the heat required by the internal Boudouard reaction. Three different operating modes of the proposed system are identified, and accordingly, analytical expressions for the equivalent power output and efficiency of the proposed system are derived under different operating conditions. The modeling results show that the Otto heat engine can effectively recover the waste heat from the DC-SOFC for additional power production especially at large operating current density. Comprehensive parametric studies are conducted to investigate the effects of the different operating conditions of DC-SOFC on its performance and heat generation. The effects of compression ratio, internal irreversibility factor and power dissipation of the Otto heat engine on the system performance improvement are also studied.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79881
ISSN: 0196-8904
EISSN: 1879-2227
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.04.008
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