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Title: Low-pressure assisted solution synthesis of CH3NH3PbI3_Cl-x(x) perovskite solar cells
Authors: Tang, YH
Yang, HF
Huang, XG 
Wang, LX
Zhang, QT
Or, SW 
Keywords: Perovskite solar cell
Perovskite layer
One-step solution method
Low-pressure treatment
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Ceramics international, July 2018, v. 44, no. 10, p. 11603-11609 How to cite?
Journal: Ceramics international 
Abstract: During the preparation of perovskite film, the common one-step method always generates an island-like structure. Large exposed areas lead to direct contact between positive and negative electrodes. Thus, the photoelectric performance is seriously deteriorated. Here, a low-pressure assisted method was introduced to fabricate dense halide perovskite films. The crystalline quality of the films was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The film morphology and the device structure were characterized by atomic force microscope (AFM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The effects of film quality on charge transport were discussed. After low-pressure treatment, the open-circuit voltage (V-oc), short-circuit photocurrent (J(sc)), fill factor (FF) and power conversion efficiency (PCE) for the device were improved to 0.755 V, 20.045 mA cm(-2), 0.52% and 7.9%, respectively. The optimized and centrally distributed performance parameters illustrate that the low-pressure assisted method can be used to improve the quality and uniformity of perovskite films.
ISSN: 0272-8842
EISSN: 1873-3956
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.03.228
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