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Title: Effects of low-alkalinity binders on stabilization/solidification of geogenic As-containing soils : Spectroscopic investigation and leaching tests
Authors: Li, JS 
Wang, L 
Cui, JL 
Poon, CS 
Beiyuan, JZ 
Tsang, DCW 
Li, XD 
Keywords: Geogenic arsenic
Soil remediation
Iron oxides/hydroxides
Coal fly ash
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Science of the total environment, 1 Aug. 2018, v. 631-632, p. 1486-1494 How to cite?
Journal: Science of the total environment 
Abstract: The low-alkalinity stabilization/solidification (S/S) treatment of the soil containing high concentrations of geogenic As by physical encapsulation is considered as a proper management before land development; however, the choice of an effective binder and the leaching potential of As remain uncertain. In this study, the influence of S/S binders (cement blended with fuel ash (FA), furnace bottom ash (FBA), or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS)) on the speciation and leaching characteristics of geogenic As was studied. The results of X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed the reduced amount of calcium silicate hydrate phase and the decrease in oxidation state of As(V)-O on the surface of Fe(III) oxides/hydroxides in the low-alkalinity S/S treated soils. This might be due to the binder incorporation and change in pH conditions, which slightly affected the As-Fe interaction and increased the non-specifically sorbed species of As. Therefore, the S/S treatment increased the leachability and bioaccessibility of geogenic As to varying degree but decreased the phyto-extractable As. The S/S treatment by cement incorporating 25% of class C fly ash (O4C1) could achieve comparable or better performance, while reducing the risk assessment code (RAC) to a greater extent compared to that of using cement only. This study illustrates the effectiveness and limitations of low-alkalinity binders (e.g., O4C1) for geogenic As immobilization and encapsulation, which provides a new insight for determining the appropriate S/S binder in soil remediation.
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.247
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