Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79741
Title: Do loyalty programs really matter for hotel operational and financial performance?
Authors: Hua, N
Wei, W
DeFranco, AL
Wang, D 
Keywords: Financial performance
Loyalty programs
Hotel performance
Operational performance
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: International journal of contemporary hospitality management, 2018, v. 30, no. 5, p. 2195-2213 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of contemporary hospitality management 
Abstract: Purpose This study aims to use a sample of 2,120 individual hotel properties between 2011 and 2013 to evaluate the impact of loyalty programs on hotel operational and financial performance.
Design/methodology/approach This study provides empirical support for the impact of loyalty program based on both cross-sectional and panel data analyses and uses the instrumental variable technique to avoid potential heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation and simultaneity issues.
Findings Findings of this study show that loyalty program expenses have a significant and positive impact on all three operational performance indicators of RevPAR, ADR and Occupancy and the financial performance indicator of gross operating profit.
Research limitations/implications This study suggests that the benefits of loyalty programs should be understood against the backdrop of a reasonable set of controlled variables such as e-commerce, franchise, advertising, other marketing expenses, hotel size and hotel chain scales.
Originality/value Given the conflicting viewpoints about the positive and negative impacts of loyalty programs, and that the literature is scant on empirical validation of the impact of loyalty programs on the overall operational and financial performance of hotel properties, this study is an early attempt to empirically test the impact of loyalty programs on a number of hotel operational and financial performance indicators by using an extensive list of individual hotel properties between 2011 and 2013.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/79741
ISSN: 0959-6119
EISSN: 1757-1049
DOI: 10.1108/IJCHM-12-2016-0643
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