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Title: Low-temperature-sintered Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based lead-free ferroelectric ceramics with good piezoelectric properties
Authors: Chung, TH 
Sun, HL 
Wen, R 
Kwok, KW 
Keywords: Low-temperature sintering
Piezoelectric properties
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Ceramics international, Mar. 2018, v. 44, no. 4, p. 4027-4032 How to cite?
Journal: Ceramics international 
Abstract: Li2CO3 has been used as a sintering aid for fabricating lead-free ferroelectric ceramic 0.93(Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO(3). A small amount (0.5 wt%) of it can effectively lower the sintering temperature of the ceramic from 1200 degrees C to 980 degrees C. Unlike other low temperature-sintered ferroelectric ceramics, the ceramic retains its good dielectric and piezoelectric properties, giving a high dielectric constant (1570), low dielectric loss (4.8%) and large piezoelectric coefficient (180 pC/N). The "depolarization" temperature is also increased to 100 degrees C and the thermal stability of piezoelectricity is improved. Our results reveal that oxygen vacancies generated from the diffusion of the sintering aid into the lattices are crucial for realizing the low temperature sintering. Owing to the low sintering temperature and good dielectric and piezoelectric properties, the ceramics, especially of multi layered structure, should have great potential for practical applications.
ISSN: 0272-8842
EISSN: 1873-3956
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.11.198
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