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Title: Experimental investigation of the flow structure over a delta wing via flow visualization methods
Authors: Shen, L 
Chen, ZN 
Wen, C 
Keywords: Delta wing
Issue 134
Leading edge vortex
Particle image velocimetry
Smoke flow visualization
Vortex breakdown
Vortex oscillation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Journal of Visualized Experiments
Source: Journal of visualized experiments, 2018, v. 2018, no. 134, e57244 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of visualized experiments 
Abstract: It is well known that the flow field over a delta wing is dominated by a pair of counter rotating leading edge vortices (LEV). However, their mechanism is not well understood. The flow visualization technique is a promising non-intrusive method to illustrate the complex flow field spatially and temporally. A basic flow visualization setup consists of a high-powered laser and optic lenses to generate the laser sheet, a camera, a tracer particle generator, and a data processor. The wind tunnel setup, the specifications of devices involved, and the corresponding parameter settings are dependent on the flow features to be obtained. Normal smoke wire flow visualization uses a smoke wire to demonstrate the flow streaklines. However, the performance of this method is limited by poor spatial resolution when it is conducted in a complex flow field. Therefore, an improved smoke flow visualization technique has been developed. This technique illustrates the large-scale global LEV flow field and the small-scale shear layer flow structure at the same time, providing a valuable reference for later detailed particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurement. In this paper, the application of the improved smoke flow visualization and PIV measurement to study the unsteady flow phenomena over a delta wing is demonstrated. The procedure and cautions for conducting the experiment are listed, including wind tunnel setup, data acquisition, and data processing. The representative results show that these two flow visualization methods are effective techniques for investigating the three-dimensional flow field qualitatively and quantitatively.
ISSN: 1940-087X
DOI: 10.3791/57244
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