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Title: Interactions of food waste compost with metals and metal-chelant complexes during soil remediation
Authors: Beiyuan, J 
Tsang, DCW 
Bolan, NS
Baek, K
Ok, YS
Li, XD 
Keywords: Soil amendment
Food waste recycling
Biodegradable chelants
Soil remediation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of cleaner production, 10 Aug. 2018, v. 192, p. 199-206 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of cleaner production 
Abstract: For removing potentially toxic elements (PTEs) from field-contaminated soils, cost-effective soil remediation has been a worldwide concern. As one of the widely employed techniques, chelant-enhanced phytoremediation can remove PTEs with marginal impact on the soil properties, yet the newly formed metal-chelant complexes cannot be completely captured and extracted by the plants. This arouses concerns about downstream migration and secondary contamination of the metal-chelant complexes and free chelant. Organic amendments, such as food waste compost (FWC), may stabilize metals and/or metal-chelant complexes, improve soil properties and plant growth, and reduce waste volume. Therefore, FWC may provide a solution for the migration of metal-chelant complexes and free chelant. Two chelants were selected in this study: EDTA (ethylene-diaminetetraacetic-acid) and its biodegradable isomer EDDS ([S,S]-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid). The interactions between FWC and metals, metalEDTA/metal-EDDS complexes in a field-contaminated soil (mainly by Cu, Zn, and Pb) were investigated. Batch adsorption isotherms indicated a strong adsorption capacity of FWC for uncomplexed Cu, Zn, and Pb ions. Significant adsorption of Pb-EDDS (similar to 100%), Zn-EDDS (>77%), and Cu-EDTA (36-76%) complexes on the FWC was found at apparent equilibrium. The adsorption capacity of Cu-EDDS (32 -38%), Pb-EDTA (similar to 20%), and Zn-EDTA (similar to 0%) complexes was limited. However, the co-existence of FWC and EDDS increased the mobilization of Cu and Zn, while the co-existence of FWC and EDTA reduced the available amounts of Cu and Pb in solution. Metal speciation calculation showed that nearly all extracted Cu, Zn, and Pb were complexed with chelants in the solution, while notable amount of dissolved Fe (but not Al and Ca) was associated with dissolved organic matter. In this study, FWC can be useful for minimizing the unintended leaching of Cu- and Pb-EDTA complexes in EDTA-enhanced phytoremediation, yet it might be less suitable for the case of EDDS. A novel integration of recycled waste can enhance the effectiveness of sustainable remediation of contaminated soils.
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.239
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