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Title: Large enhancement of upconversion luminescence in Er3+/In3+:Ba0.85Ca0.15TiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
Authors: Guo, L
Yan, JM
Zhang, YY
Xu, ZX
Xu, M
Luo, LH
Wang, FF
Liu, YK 
Dong, S
Zheng, RK
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of materials science : materials in electronics, June 2018, v. 29, no. 11, p. 9007-9015 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of materials science : materials in electronics 
Abstract: A series of In3+-doped Ba0.85Ca0.15TiO3:0.75%Er3+/xIn(3+) (BCT:Er/xIn) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics with excellent upconversion luminescence were synthesized by the solid state reaction method. The effects of In3+ content on the crystal structure, ferroelectric, dielectric, piezoelectric, and upconversion luminescence properties were systematically studied. Under 980 nm excitation, a giant enhancement of the green emission (550 nm) by 10 times is achieved upon 2.5% mol In3+ doping, which is rarely observed in rare-earth ions-doped perovskite ferroelectric materials. The ultraviolet-visible-near infrared absorption measurements show that the In3+ doping may improve the dissolution of Er3+ ions and modify the isolate-/clustered-Er3+ ratio for x <= 2.5%, resulting in the enhancement of the absorption cross-section, thereby contributing to the enhancement of green luminescence. Unfortunately, the In3+ doping suppresses the ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of the BCT:Er/xIn ceramics. This problem can be resolved by adding a small amount (1 mol%) of Yb3+ to the BCT:Er/xIn ceramics to restore their good ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties. Such In3+ and rare-earth ions co-doped ceramics with greatly enhanced upconversion luminescence and good ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity may have potential applications in electro-optical devices.
ISSN: 0957-4522
EISSN: 1573-482X
DOI: 10.1007/s10854-018-8925-3
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