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Title: Characterization of bioenergy biochar and its utilization for metal/metalloid immobilization in contaminated soil
Authors: Yang, X
Igalavithana, AD
Oh, SE
Nam, H
Zhang, M
Wang, CH
Kwon, EE
Tsang, DCW 
Ok, YS
Keywords: Black carbon
Slow pyrolysis
Soil remediation
Chemical stabilization
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Science of the total environment, 1 Nov. 2018, v. 640, p. 704-713 How to cite?
Journal: Science of the total environment 
Abstract: This study is a comparison of the effect of biochar produced by bioenergy systems, via the pyrolysis and gasification processes, on the immobilization ofmetals/metalloids in soil. Because the processes for these two techniques vary, the feedstocks undergo different heating regimens and, as a result, their respective char products exhibit different physico-chemical properties. Therefore, this study focuses on (1) the characterization of derivative biochar fromthe bioenergy systemto understand their features and (2) an exploration of various biochar impacts on themobility of As and Pb in contaminated soil. The results showed bioenergy biochars (BBCs) performed well in mitigating Pb extractability (1 M ammoniumacetate) with a Pb immobilization >80%, but unfavorably mobilized the bioavailable As, likely because of electrostatic repulsion and ion exchange competition. The BBC surface functional group would chemically bond with the As and remain stable against the pH change. An increment in aromatic carbonwould effectively enhance cation-p interaction for Pb immobilization. Nevertheless, anamendment with richer condensed structure and higher inorganic minerals (Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, and Na+) can lead to better performance in retaining Pb.
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.298
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