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Title: Local random configuration-tree theory for string repetition and facilitated dynamics of glass
Authors: Lam, CH 
Keywords: Glasses (colloidal, polymer, etc)
Glasses (structural)
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: Journal of statistical mechanics : theory and experiment, 2018, v. 2018, no. 2, 23301 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of statistical mechanics : theory and experiment 
Abstract: We derive a microscopic theory of glassy dynamics based on the transport of voids by micro-string motions, each of which involves particles arranged in a line hopping simultaneously displacing one another. Disorder is modeled by a random energy landscape quenched in the configuration space of distinguishable particles, but transient in the physical space as expected for glassy fluids. We study the evolution of local regions with m coupled voids. At a low temperature, energetically accessible local particle configurations can be organized into a random tree with nodes and edges denoting configurations and micro-string propagations respectively. Such trees defined in the configuration space naturally describe systems defined in two- or three-dimensional physical space. A micro-string propagation initiated by a void can facilitate similar motions by other voids via perturbing the random energy landscape, realizing path interactions between voids or equivalently string interactions. We obtain explicit expressions of the particle diffusion coefficient and a particle return probability. Under our approximation, as temperature decreases, random trees of energetically accessible configurations exhibit a sequence of percolation transitions in the configuration space, with local regions containing fewer coupled voids entering the non-percolating immobile phase first. Dynamics is dominated by coupled voids of an optimal group size, which increases as temperature decreases. Comparison with a distinguishable-particle lattice model (DPLM) of glass shows very good quantitative agreements using only two adjustable parameters related to typical energy fluctuations and the interaction range of the micro-strings.
EISSN: 1742-5468
DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/aaac56
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