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Title: Pre-departure preparation and co-curricular activities for students' intercultural exchange : a mixed-methods study
Authors: Chan, EA 
Liu, JYW 
Fung, KHK 
Tsang, PL 
Yuen, J 
Keywords: Cocurricular activities
Intercultural communication
Intercultural competency
Intercultural learning
International exchange programme
Pre-departure preparation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Source: Nurse education today, 2018, v. 63, p. 43-49 How to cite?
Journal: Nurse education today 
Abstract: Background: Nurses are required to be culturally competent to provide quality care to an increasingly diverse and ageing population. International exchange programmes were developed to support the traditional nursing curriculum. These programmes have often overlooked the importance of pre-departure preparation and co-curricular activities to the development of intercultural competency. Objectives: To explore the influence of pre-departure and co-curricular activities on the intercultural learning experiences of both exchange and host students in a short-term international summer programme. Design: A mixed-methods study. Setting: Students were recruited from international and mainland exchange partners, with host students as ambassadors. The international summer programme involved a week of online pre-departure activities and two weeks of face-to-face meetings. Participants: A convenience sample of 62 students from diverse cultural backgrounds was recruited on a voluntary basis. The participants were aged between 19 and 27. Methods: Data were collected from students' pre- and post-visit questionnaires, discussions within the workshops, their online discussion threads, and focus group discussions. Results: The quantitative findings suggested that students' cultural intelligence improved significantly after the exchange programme. Qualitatively, three themes emerged as: 1) Students' motivation to engage in intercultural learning; 2) Barriers to intercultural communication; 3) Enablers of intercultural communication. Conclusion: Pre-departure preparation enabled students to discuss their common goals and expectations, while exploring differences, asked for practical living information, and used the basic intercultural concepts in their discussion on the care of elderly. This virtual encounter has lay the foundation for students' subsequent discussions about the why and how the differences that inform their own practices and about global ageing and poverty issues during their co-curricular activities. While the pre-departure preparation could serve as a stimulus, the value of this programme for intercultural learning also rests with the importance of debriefing to further students' reflective and experiential learning.
ISSN: 0260-6917
EISSN: 1532-2793
DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.020
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