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Title: An electron diffraction and Monte Carlo simulation study of an incommensurate antiferroelectric state in the relaxor ferroelectric Pb2ScTaO6
Authors: Baba-Kishi, KZ
Pasciak, M
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Journal of applied crystallography, 2010, v. 43, p. 140-150 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Applied Crystallography 
Abstract: Incommensurate satellite reflections modulating along the < 110 >* directions have been observed in the electron diffraction patterns of single crystals of the relaxor ferroelectric Pb2ScTaO6 (PST) recorded via transmission electron microscopy. The satellites occur characteristically within a specific temperature range and display differing or variable modulation vectors relative to their primary reflections. The satellites represent a weak frustrated antiferroelectric state in PST, termed the incommensurate antiferroelectric (IAFE) state. The observed IAFE state coexists with the ferroelectric and paraelectric states within a specific temperature regime and is dynamic in nature, meaning that the dispositions of the satellites can be altered by varying the temperature applied to the crystal, in-situ in the transmission electron microscope. The observed satellites are associated with thin, needle-shaped, closely packed striated domains of about 5-15 nm in width. The satellites appear exclusively in crystals of PST with an advanced degree of 1:1 chemical long-range order, exceeding 90%. The satellites and their domains are interpreted as originating from a displacive, antiferroelectric coupling of the ions, driven in particular by the Pb ions. The Monte Carlo (MC) method was used exhaustively to evaluate the structural regimes that lead to the occurrence of the IAFE state. In the MC simulations, the displacements were correlated with the ferroelectric and antiferroelectric couplings, resulting in the IAFE domains and their associated satellites of differing dispositions or modulation vectors. The results of the MC simulations agree well with the electron diffraction observations, supporting the model of an antiferroelectric displacement with an incommensurate modulation of the Pb ions in the < 110 >* directions.
ISSN: 0021-8898
DOI: 10.1107/S0021889809049851
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