Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/77586
Title: Advances and future directions of biochar characterization methods and applications
Authors: Igalavithana, AD
Mandal, S
Niazi, NK
Vithanage, M
Parikh, SJ
Mukome, FND
Rizwan, M
Oleszczuk, P
AlWabel, M
Bolan, N
Tsang, DCW 
Kim, KH
Ok, YS
Keywords: Advanced spectroscopic analysis
Black carbon
Characterization
Pyrolysis
Surface functional group
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Critical reviews in environmental science and technology, 2017, v. 47, no. 23, p. 2275-2330 How to cite?
Journal: Critical reviews in environmental science and technology 
Abstract: Biochar is a carbon-rich by-product of the thermal conversion of organic feedstocks and is primarily used as a soil amendment. Identification and quantification of biochar properties are important to ensure optimal outcomes for agricultural or environmental applications. Advanced spectroscopic techniques have recently been adopted in biochar characterization. However, biochar characterization approaches rely entirely on the user's choice and accessibility to the new technology. The selection of proper methods is vital to accurately and consistently assess biochar properties. This review critically evaluates current biochar characterization methods of proximate, ultimate, physicochemical, surface and structural analyses, and important biochar properties for various applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/77586
ISSN: 1064-3389
DOI: 10.1080/10643389.2017.1421844
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