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Title: Improvement of zinc substitution in the reactivity of magnetite coupled with aqueous Fe(II) towards nitrobenzene reduction
Authors: Li, Y
Wei, G
He, H
Liang, X 
Chu, W 
Huang, D
Zhu, J
Tan, W
Huang, Q
Keywords: Aqueous Fe(II)
Electron transfer
Zn-substituted magnetite
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Journal of colloid and interface science, 2018, v. 517, p. 104-112 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of colloid and interface science 
Abstract: The reduction of nitrobenzene (NB) by Zn-substituted magnetite coupled with aqueous Fe(II) was studied. A series of Zn-substituted magnetites (Fe3− xZnxO4, x = 0, 0.25, 0.49, 0.74, and 0.99) were synthesized by a coprecipitation method followed by systematic analysis of the variation in structure and physicochemical properties of magnetite using XRD, TEM, TG, BET and XAFS. All of the samples had a spinel structure by Zn substitution. Zn2+ primarily occupied the tetrahedral sites, but a portion of them moved to the octahedral sites at higher Zn level. Zn substitution increased the BET specific surface area and surface hydroxyl amount. The electron balance indicated that the NB reduction was primarily through the heterogeneous reaction by Fe3− xZnxO4 and adsorbed Fe(II), where NB in aqueous solution was reduced by structural Fe2+ in magnetite recharged by adsorbed Fe(II). Various factors, such as aqueous Fe(II) concentration, magnetite stoichiometry and Zn level, were investigated to illustrate their effects on the reduction processes. Both the rate constant kobs and electron transfer amount illustrated that Zn substitution generally improved the reduction activity of the Fe3− xZnxO4/Fe(II) system, while overdose of Zn retarded the process. This issue was attributed to the variation in electron conductivity of Fe3− xZnxO4 and Zn2+ occupancy.
ISSN: 0021-9797
EISSN: 1095-7103
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.01.103
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