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Title: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with PM2.5 within boundary layer : cloud/fog and regional transport
Authors: Yang, M
Wang, Y
Li, H
Li, T
Nie, X
Cao, F
Yang, F
Wang, Z 
Wang, T 
Qie, G
Jin, T
Du, L
Wang, W
Keywords: Cloud/fog
Mount Lushan
Regional transport
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Science of the total environment, 2018, v. 627, p. 613-621 How to cite?
Journal: Science of the total environment 
Abstract: A study of PM2.5-associated PAHs analysis at Mount Lushan (1165 m) was conducted to investigate the distributions of PAHs in PM2.5 and influences of cloud/fog. The main purpose was to quantify the main emission sources of PAHs and estimate regional transport effects within the boundary layer. Mount Lushan is located between the boundary layer and troposphere, which is an ideal site for atmosphere transport investigation. The concentrations of PAHs in PM2.5 were analyzed with GC–MS. The results showed that the volume concentration was 6.98 ng/m3 with a range from 1.47 to 25.17 ng/m3 and PAHs mass were 160.24 μg/g (from 63.86 to 427.97 μg/g) during the sampling time at Mount Lushan. The dominant compounds are BbF, Pyr and BP. In terms of aromatic-ring PAHs distributions, 4–6-ring PAHs are predominant, indicating that the high-ring PAHs tend to contribute more than low-ring PAHs in particulates. Due to frequent cloud/fog days at Mount Lushan, PAHs concentrations in the PM2.5 were determined before and after cloud/fog weather. The results demonstrated that the cloud/fog and rain conditions cause lower PAHs levels. Regression analysis was used for studying the relationship of PAHs distributions with meteorological conditions like temperature, humidity and wind. The results showed that the temperature and wind speed were inversely related with PAHs concentration but humidity had no significant relationship. Furthermore, backward trajectories and PCA combined with DR (diagnostic ratio analysis) were employed to identify the influences of regional transport and main emission sources. The results revealed that PAHs in PM2.5 were mainly affected by regional transport with the main emissions by mobile vehicle and steel industry, which contributed about 56.0% to the total PAHs in the area of Mount Lushan. In addition, backward trajectories revealed that the dominant air masses were from the northwest accounting for about one third of total PAHs.
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.014
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