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Title: A novel process for obtaining high quality cellulose acetate from green landscaping waste
Authors: Cao, L 
Luo, G
Tsang, DCW 
Chen, H
Zhang, S
Chen, J
Keywords: Acid pretreatment
Biomass conversion
Cellulose acetate
Green waste
Xylose and arabinose
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of cleaner production, 2018, v. 176, p. 338-347 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of cleaner production 
Abstract: As a typical lignocellulosic biomass, abundant amount of green landscaping waste can be used as low-cost feedstock to produce value-added chemicals. This work developed a novel process to obtain industrially important cellulose acetate from green landscaping waste after separation of hemicellulose as a substrate rich in monomeric xylose. Sixteen samples of selected green waste were pretreated with diluted acid at moderate temperatures. Afterwards, the residues were treated with acetic anhydride and a small amount of sulfuric acid as catalyst to make cellulose acetate. The quantity and quality of cellulose acetate were analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR), and Gel Chromatography (GPC). The activation mechanisms of the diluted-phosphoric-acid pretreatment on yields and quality of cellulose acetate were also investigated using Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Without the pretreatment, the yields of cellulose acetate from green landscaping waste ranged from 4.0% to 8.6%. After the pretreatment the mean yield of cellulose acetate from all sixteen green waste significantly increased to approximately 35%, illustrating the high efficiency and wide applicability of our proposed method.
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.077
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