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Title: Polarization-resolved optical response of plasmonic particle-on-film nanocavities
Authors: Zhang, Q 
Li, GC 
Lo, TW 
Lei, DY 
Keywords: Dark-field spectroscopy
Particle-on-film nanocavity
Plasmon hybridization
Polarization-resolved spectral decomposition
Quasi-multispectral imaging
Radiation pattern
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: Journal of optics, 2018, v. 20, no. 2, 024010 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of optics 
Abstract: Placing a metal nanoparticle atop a metal film forms a plasmonic particle-on-film nanocavity. Such a nanocavity supports strong plasmonic coupling that results in rich hybridized plasmon modes, rendering the cavity a versatile platform for exploiting a wide range of plasmon-enhanced spectroscopy applications. In this paper, we fully address the polarization-resolved, orientation-dependent far-field optical responses of plasmonic monomer- and dimer-on-film nanocavities by numerical simulations and experiments. With polarization-resolved dark-field spectroscopy, the distinct plasmon resonances of these nanocavities are clearly determined from their scattering spectra. Moreover, the radiation patterns of respective plasmon modes, which are often mixed together in common dark-field imaging, can be unambiguously resolved with our proposed quasi-multispectral imaging method. Explicitly, the radiation pattern of the monomer-on-film nanocavity gradually transitions from a solid spot in the green imaging channel to a doughnut ring in the red channel when tuning the excitation polarization from parallel to perpendicular to the sample surface. This observation holds true for the plasmonic dimer-on-film nanocavity with the dimer axis aligned in the incidence plane; when the dimer axis is normal to the incidence plane, the pattern transitions from a solid spot to a doughnut ring both in the red channel. These studies not only demonstrate a flexible polarization control over the optical responses of plasmonic particle-on-film nanostructures but also enrich the optical tool kit for far-field imaging and spectroscopy characterization of various plasmonic nanostructures.
ISSN: 2040-8978
EISSN: 2040-8986
DOI: 10.1088/2040-8986/aaa1bc
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