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Title: Skin and muscle
Authors: Mak, AFT 
Zhang, M 
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer
Source: In W Murphy, J Black & GW Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of biomaterial properties (2nd ed.), Chapter B4, p. 63-66. New York: Springer, [2016] How to cite?
Abstract: Early studies [11] of the material properties of human skin and muscle are largely suspect due to problems of inappropriate tissue handling, preservation and specimen preparation. Recent efforts have focused on methods which can determine properties in situ in living individuals or on very freshly excised tissues. Among the in vivo testing methodologies, indentation has proven to be the most popular, although it sums up the contributions of various tissue layers [1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9]. The load-displacement curve obtained during indentation depends in decreasing degree upon each of the tissues beneath the indentor. The derived properties, in addition, can be expected to vary with anatomical site, subject age and external environmental conditions (temperature, relative humidity, etc.). Additional results have been obtained in vivo through the use of Doppler ultrasound techniques [2, 5].
ISBN: 9781493933051
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-3305-1_7
Appears in Collections:Book Chapter

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