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Title: To immerse or not? Experimenting with two virtual retail environments
Authors: Papagiannidis, S
Pantano, E
See-To, EWK 
Dennis, C
Bourlakis, M
Keywords: Simulation
Online shopping
E-commerce (B2B/B2C/B2G/G2C)
Virtual world
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: Information technology and people, 2017, v. 30, no. 1, p. 163-188 How to cite?
Journal: Information technology and people 
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the determinants of users' simulated experience in a virtual store and to show the subsequent impact of that experience on engagement. The outcome of that engagement is examined in relation to enjoyment, satisfaction and purchase intentions. Design/methodology/approach - The method comprised an experiment comparing users' perceptions of a standard 2D online clothing store with an enhanced, immersive one that aimed to provide shopping value approaching that of a traditional store by using a 3D experience where participants wore special glasses and a data glove. Findings - Results demonstrate the major role of telepresence components in simulated experience and the critical role of that experience, along with hedonic and utilitarian values, in engagement. Purchase intention is influenced by satisfaction, which is in turn influenced by enjoyment and engagement. Engagement in turn is influenced by utilitarian and hedonic value and the experience of product simulation or telepresence, which is composed of control, colour and graphics vividness, and 3D authenticity. In the immersive, 3D environment, experience is more associated with engagement and enjoyment, leading to greater purchase intention. The immersive, 3D environment, thus, has the potential to rival traditional shopping in terms of experience, resulting in higher sales for retailers and satisfaction for consumers. Originality/value - This work has evaluated a robust model of purchase intention and demonstrated it to hold not only in a 3D environment on a conventional computer platform, but also in an immersive one, where participants wear special glasses and a data glove.
ISSN: 0959-3845
EISSN: 1758-5813
DOI: 10.1108/ITP-03-2015-0069
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