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Title: Power flow features and balancing in MTDC integrated offshore wind farms
Authors: Li, YJ 
Xu, Z 
Meng, K
Wong, KP
Keywords: Offshore wind farm
Frequency regulation
Wind power fluctuations
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Electric power components and systems, 2017, v. 45, no. 10, special issue SI, p. 1068-1079 How to cite?
Journal: Electric power components and systems 
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel control strategy for converter stations of multi-terminal DC (MTDC) grid system. It optimizes the offshore wind farms power generation dispatched to the separate onshore AC systems while minimizing their impacts on AC grids. Based on the MTDC power flow analysis, the minimal control dimensions of MTDC converters are firstly proposed. The impact of DC resistances on power dispatching among MTDC grid is then fully discussed by analyzing the structure of inverse Jacobian matrix of MTDC grid power flow equation and the power dispatch law for each onshore AC grid is deduced subsequently. Finally, an optimization strategy that seeks to re-dispatch the power to each onshore converter according to the system inertia of connected AC grid is proposed. Case study using a typical five-terminal MTDC system shows that the proposed strategy can effectively mitigate wind power fluctuations by approximately equalizing the induced disturbances to the system frequency of each AC grid.
ISSN: 1532-5008
EISSN: 1532-5016
DOI: 10.1080/15325008.2017.1318320
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