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Title: Ultrasonic atomization based fabrication of bio-inspired micro-nano-binary particles for superhydrophobic composite coatings with lotus/petal effect
Authors: Xiao, YL 
Huang, WF 
Tsui, CP 
Wang, GC 
Tang, CY 
Zhong, L
Keywords: Ultrasonic atomization
Superhydrophobic coating
Lotus effect
Petal effect
Polymer composite
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Composites. Part B, Engineering, 2017, v. 121, p. 92-98 How to cite?
Journal: Composites. Part B, Engineering 
Abstract: To mimic a superhydrophobic surface as found in nature, micro-nano binary surface structures with specific chemical properties are required. This type of special binary structure was usually realized by introduction of hierarchical inorganic microparticles; however, existing preparation methods are usually complex and difficult for scalable manufacture. In order to solve this problem, a facile ultrasonic atomization-based spray drying method has been developed in the present study for producing hierarchical silica microparticles for eventual fabrication of superhydrophobic coatings with either a lotus or petal effect depending on the required application. 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES) was used as a modifier for enhancing the binding between the silica nanoparticles. The hierarchical silica microparticles exhibited an diameter of around 10 gm and proper nano-roughness to realize a superhydrophobic effect. The prepared hierarchical silica microparticles/epoxy coating achieved a very high water contact angle up to 161 degrees and a sliding angle as low as 5 degrees. Both lotus and petal effects were achieved. Mechanical properties of the composite coating have also been enhanced by virtue of the modifiers. The interactions between -NH2 groups from the APTES modifier and -OH groups from the silica led to a strong adhesive force with water molecules, while the introduction -F groups to the silica could reduce this affinity and result in a smaller sliding angle.
ISSN: 1359-8368
EISSN: 1879-1069
DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.03.029
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