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Title: Unpacking the gender differences on mental health : the effects of optimism and gratitude
Authors: Yue, XD
Hiranandani, NA
Jiang, F
Hou, ZH
Chen, XH 
Keywords: Subjective well-being
Gender differences
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Psychological reports, 2017, v. 120, no. 4, p. 639-649 How to cite?
Journal: Psychological reports 
Abstract: Mental health studies show that women are likely to score higher on subjective wellbeing and higher on depression than men. To verify this, the present study collected a sample of 5648 undergraduates in 55 universities in China. Results showed that women reported higher optimism, gratitude, subjective well-being, and depression than men, and that optimism and gratitude mediated the relationship between gender and mental health (subjective well-being and depression). By its implication, women were more likely to be optimistic and grateful, and as such they tended to experience higher subjective well-being and depression simultaneously. This also implies that gender differences on mental health could also be a dispositional issue as well as a socialization one.
ISSN: 0033-2941
EISSN: 1558-691X
DOI: 10.1177/0033294117701136
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