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Title: Study on the combination of cobalt-based superalloy and ferrous alloys by bimetal-layer surfacing technology in refabrication of large hot forging dies
Authors: Shen, L
Zhou, J
Xiong, YB
Zhang, JS
Lu, XZ 
Meng, Y
Keywords: Cobalt-based superalloy
Bimetal-layer surfacing
Die refabrication
Mechanical properties
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of alloys and compounds, 2017, v. 714, p. 338-347 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of alloys and compounds 
Abstract: Bimetal-layer surfacing intensifying the working area of die by welding materials with gradient mechanical properties is an effective fabrication and refabrication technology for hot forging dies with low cost and a short cycle. Owing to the extremely high operating temperature and large stress of large hot forging dies, the selection of welding materials is quite important. In consideration of the excellent high-temperature performance of cobalt-based superalloy, a cobalt-based superalloy welding material, Co03 was designed in this study to be combined with ferrous alloys with outstanding low-temperature mechanical properties and low price to realized effective refabrication of large hot forging dies by bimetal-layer surfacing. Refabrication of dies and subsequent hot forging processes were simulated physically by bimetal-layer welding conducted on 5CrNiMo blocks and heat treatments. Compared with the combination of two ferrous alloys (JXHC30 and JXHC15), the combination of Co03 and JXHC15 exhibited more stable microstructure and mechanical properties in extreme operating conditions. To verify the feasibility of the combination of JXHC15 and Co03 in refabrication of hot forging dies through bimetal-layer surfacing, a pair of large hot forging dies were refabricated and employed in forging production. The service lives of refabricated dies were improved by dozens of times, compared with the former homogeneous 5CrNiMo dies.
ISSN: 0925-8388
EISSN: 1873-4669
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.04.253
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