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Title: A novel design of solid oxide electrolyser integrated with magnesium hydride bed for hydrogen generation and storage - a dynamic simulation study
Authors: Chen, B 
Xu, HR 
Zhang, HC 
Tan, P 
Cai, WZ 
Ni, M 
Keywords: Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)
Metal hydride
Hydrogen storage
Dynamic simulation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2017, v. 200, p. 260-272 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel solid oxide steam electrolyser with in-situ hydrogen storage by integrating a magnesium hydride (MH) section with proton-conducting solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) section. Dynamic simulation results show that it takes 1950 s to fully charge the MH section with a 56% H-2 storage efficiency without any flow recirculation, when the electrolyser is operated at 1.4 V and 4 atm, yielding a current density of 4956.40 A/m(2). The evolution of temperature, H-2 partial pressure and reaction of Mg powder through the charging process are analysed. It is found that the exothermic H-2 absorption process of MH section can enhance the performance of the electrolysis process of SOEC section. The effects of operating parameters including operating pressure, electrolysis voltage, and cooling air temperature on the performance of the novel design are investigated by sensitivity studies. Results show that it is beneficial to operate the electrolyser at elevated pressure for shorter absorption time and higher H-2 storage efficiency. Increasing the operating voltage can shorten the absorption time, but lower H-2 storage efficiency. An optimal cooling air temperature is found at 521 K when the electrolyser is operated at 1.4 V and 4 atm.
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.089
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