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Title: Operating optimization for improved energy consumption of a TAC system affected by nighttime thermal loads of building envelopes
Authors: Mao, N
Pan, DM
Song, MJ
Li, Z
Xu, YJ
Deng, SM 
Keywords: TAC system
Optimum operating parameters
Energy consumption
Thermal comfort
Envelope thermal load
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Energy, 2017, v. 133, p. 491-501 How to cite?
Journal: Energy 
Abstract: Task/ambient air conditioning (TAC) system is reported to be an energy efficient technology with available methods to control thermal comfortable level for sleeping environments. Better performance in energy saving for TAC systems in sleeping environment has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, it should be noticed that the building envelope thermal load affects the indoor thermal environment and operation of the air conditioning system due to the heat transfer through the envelope. The variation of indoor thermal environment will directly affect the performance of the TAC system, especially the set of operation parameters. Therefore, an optimization study on the TAC system operation considering the effects of envelope thermal load was carried out in this paper. Firstly, a full factorial design method was used to construct the simulation case matrix. Secondly, the models of the energy consumption and thermal comfort were established using operating parameters and envelope thermal load. Thirdly, comfort surface and comfort lines were obtained to calculate the optimum operating parameters at which the energy consumption was at the lowest. Finally, the energy consumption at the optimum status was calculated. The results show that the TAC system at the optimum status can save 1.4 to 1.7 kWh each night.
ISSN: 0360-5442
EISSN: 1873-6785
DOI: 10.1016/
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