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Title: A study of multi-GNSS ionospheric scintillation and cycle-slip over Hong Kong region for moderate solar flux conditions
Authors: Luo, XM 
Liu, ZZ 
Lou, YD
Gu, SF
Chen, BY 
Keywords: Multiple global navigation satellite system
Ionospheric scintillation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Advances in space research, 2017, v. 60, no. 5, p. 1039-1053 How to cite?
Journal: Advances in space research 
Abstract: This study presents the characteristics of Multiple Global Navigation Satellite System (Multi-GNSS) ionospheric scintillation and cycle-slip occurrence through the analysis of Multi-GNSS data collected by a newly installed receiver located at Sha Tin of Hong Kong from 6 October 2015 to 31 December 2016. This period of time was under a moderate solar activity condition with average sunspot number and F10.7 as 44 and 92, respectively. Considering the frequent occurrence of loss of lock in satellites measurements in the presence of ionospheric scintillation, a rate of geometry-free (ROGF) combination is proposed to take the time gap size between two data arcs into account in the cycle-slip detection. The results show that most ionospheric scintillation events and cycle-slips are observed from 20:00 LT to 0:00 LT. Under the strong scintillation (S-4 > 0.6) conditions, it is found that the time series of wide-land (WL) ambiguity N-WL and ROGF vary significantly and their range can reach more than 50 cycles and 0.1 m/s, respectively. However, the variations of the N-WL and ROGF are generally small under weak scintillation (0.2 < S-4 <= 0.6) or non-scintillation (S-4 <= 0.2) conditions. A strong correlation of scintillation and cycle-slip occurrence is also verified by the daily and spatial statistics results. In addition, it is found that on average every 1000 strong scintillation events can result in 200, 124, and 171 cycle-slip occurrences in GPS, GLONASS, and BDS, respectively, whereas these values are 7, 12, and 12 per 1000 under weak scintillation conditions. This study suggests that cautions be taken when GNSS measurements are contaminated by the strong ionospheric scintillation in GNSS applications such as real-time kinematic (RTK) and precise point positioning (PPP).
ISSN: 0273-1177
EISSN: 1879-1948
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.05.038
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