Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/75890
Title: A numerical study on the effects of design/operating parameters of the radiant panel in a radiation-based task air conditioning system on indoor thermal comfort and energy saving for a sleeping environment
Authors: Du, J 
Chan, MY 
Pan, DM
Deng, SM 
Keywords: Sleeping environments
Task/ambient air conditioning
Radiation based
Radiant panel
Thermal comfort
Energy saving
Draft
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Energy and buildings, 2017, v. 151, p. 250-262 How to cite?
Journal: Energy and buildings 
Abstract: Due to the increased expectations on human thermal comfort in sleeping environments at a low energy consumption, task/ambient air condition system (TAC) can be the best air conditioning method when considering the immobility of a sleeping person. Previously, convection-based TAC systems for sleeping environments were developed, with an obvious inadequacy of cold-draft problem. Therefore, a new radiation-based TAC system(R-TAC) was previously developed and experimentally studied at a set of fixed design parameter for its radiant panel. Therefore, a follow-up numerical study on the effects of varying design/operating parameters of the radiant panel on indoor thermal comfort and energy saving performances has been carried out, and the study results reported in this paper. Firstly, a geometry model based on the experimental bedroom used in the previous experimental study, boundary conditions and numerical study cases are detailed. Secondly, the results of validating the numerical method using the previous experimental data are reported. Thirdly, the numerical results on indoor thermal comfort, energy saving and draft risk at different surface temperature and emissivity, area of the radiant panel, and the distance between the radiant panel and a bed are presented. The numerical results demonstrated that all the four design/operating parameters of the radiant panel can significantly affect thermal comfort and energy saving performances in the bedroom when using the R-TAC system: increasing surface temperature can lead to a higher PMV value and a higher EUC value; increasing surface emissivity and area of the radiant panel a lower PMV value and a lower EUC value; reducing the distance between the bed and the panel a lower PMV value and a higher EUC value. Finally, the DR values were at a very low level in all the study cases, indicating the cold draft problem encountered when using a convective heat transfer based TAC system for a sleeping environment can be effectively resolved when using the R-TAC system.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/75890
ISSN: 0378-7788
EISSN: 1872-6178
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.06.052
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