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Title: Comparison of clothing thermal comfort properties measured on female and male sweating manikins
Authors: Sun, C 
Fan, JT 
Keywords: Apparent evaporative resistance
Clothing area factor
Clothing thermal properties
Female sweating thermal manikin
Thermal insulation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Textile research journal, 2017, v. 87, no. 18, p. 2214-2223 How to cite?
Journal: Textile research journal 
Abstract: Thermal manikins simulating human body's thermal regulatory system are essential tools for understanding the heat exchange between human body and the environment and also for evaluating the thermal comfort of clothing and near environment. However, most existing thermal manikins adopt a male's body shape and no sweating female thermal manikin has been reported so far. Furthermore, it is unclear how body shape (viz. male vs female) affects the heat loss and perspiration from the body. We report on a novel female sweating thermal manikin "Wenda''. Thermal properties of the nude body and clothing ensembles measured on "Wenda'' are compared with those measured on the male manikin "Walter''. It was found that, although the more curvaceous female body reduces the thermal insulation of the nude manikin, it increases the apparent evaporative resistance at the same time. This may be due to the fact that the more curvaceous female body increases the surface still air layer to add resistance to heat loss by conduction and evaporative water loss by diffusion, and significantly increases the percentage of effective radiative area and the resultant radiative heat loss per unit surface area. It was further shown that clothing thermal insulation and apparent evaporative resistance measured on Wenda are typically 0 similar to 11% higher than those measured on the male sweating fabric manikin-Walter, probably due to the greater clothing microclimate volume on the female manikin resulting from the looser fitting of the garments on the smaller female body and the more curvaceous surface of the female body.
ISSN: 0040-5175
EISSN: 1746-7748
DOI: 10.1177/0040517516669071
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