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Title: Spiral interface : a reinforcing mechanism for laminated composite materials learned from nature
Authors: Gao, Y 
Guo, ZB 
Song, ZQ 
Yao, HM 
Keywords: Delamination
Microscopic screw dislocation
Biomineralized materials
Bio-inspired materials
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Journal of the mechanics and physics of solids, 2017, v. 109, p. 252-263 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of the mechanics and physics of solids 
Abstract: Helical structures are ubiquitous in nature at length scales of a wide range. In this paper, we studied a helical architecture called microscopic screw dislocation (mu-SD), which is prevalently present in biological laminated composites such as shells of mollusks P. placenta and nacre of abalone. Mechanical characterization indicated that mu-SDs can greatly enhance resistance to scratching. To shed light on the underlying reinforcing mechanisms, we systematically investigated the mechanical behaviors of mu-SD using theoretical modeling in combination with finite element simulation. Our analysis on an individual ,mu-SDshowed that the failure of a mu-SD under tension involves the delamination of the prolonged spiral interface, giving rise to much higher toughness compared to those of the planar counterpart. The corporation of multiple mu-SDs was further investigated by analyzing the effect of mu-SD density on the mechanical reinforcement. It was found that higher areal density of mu-SD would lead to more improvement in toughness. However, the operation of such reinforcing mechanism of mu-SD requires proclivity of cracking along the spiral interface, which is not spontaneous but conditional. Fracture mechanics-based modeling indicated that the proclivity of crack propagation along the spiral interface can be ensured if the fracture toughness of the interface is less than 60% of that of the lamina material. These findings not only uncover the reinforcing mechanisms of mu-SDs in biological materials but imply a great promise of applying mu-SDs in reinforcing synthetic laminated composites.
ISSN: 0022-5096
EISSN: 1873-4782
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2017.09.002
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