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Title: Multiobjective optimization for lifecycle cost, carbon dioxide emissions and exergy of residential heat and electricity prosumers
Authors: Manrique Delgado, B
Cao, S 
Hasan, A
Sirén, K
Keywords: Cost-optimality
Exergy balance
Hybrid grids
Multiobjective optimization
Zero-energy buildings
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Source: Energy conversion and management, 2017, v. 154, p. 455-469 How to cite?
Journal: Energy conversion and management 
Abstract: A key element to reach sustainability in the built environment is reducing the need to compromise between performance and cost-optimality. Particularly, conversion and/or exchange of surplus energy from on-site generation components can offer opportunities to increase the overall system profitability and enhance its performance. This study addresses the cost-optimality, operational carbon dioxide emissions and exergetic performance of a single-family building with bidirectional heat and electricity exchange. Through multiobjective optimization, it compares various system configurations that have on-site heat and electricity generation components. The results show that, for systems with over ∼4.3 kW onsite electricity generation capacity, driving a ground-source heat pump with surplus electricity to obtain heat, and export it to a district heating grid, offers optimal solutions for lifecycle costs and operational equivalent carbon dioxide emissions. Under the studied context, heat export from a ground-source heat pump driven by surplus electricity leads to nearly a fivefold increase in monetary income per unit of exported energy and to a fivefold increase in operational equivalent carbon dioxide emissions compensation. Considerable drawbacks of this are the lower exergy content and mobility of heat, compared to electricity, though these can be alleviated if the heat is used for heating purposes in nearby buildings.
ISSN: 0196-8904
EISSN: 1879-2227
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.037
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