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Title: Equilibrium sampling informs tissue residue and sediment remediation for pyrethroid insecticides in mariculture : a laboratory demonstration
Authors: Li, JY
Shi, W
Li, Z
Chen, Y
Shao, L
Jin, L 
Keywords: Bioavailability
Black carbon
Partition coefficient
Seafood safety
Sediment remediation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Source: Science of the total environment, 2018, v. 616-617, p. 639-646 How to cite?
Journal: Science of the total environment 
Abstract: Mariculture product safety in relation to sediment quality has attracted increasing attention because of the accumulation of potentially hazardous chemicals, including pyrethroid insecticides, in sediment. Passive sampling has been widely used to assess the bioavailability of sediment-associated hydrophobic organic contaminants and predict their body residue in benthic organisms. Therefore, in this study, we introduced polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymer as a biomimetic “chemometer” for freely-dissolved concentrations (Cfree) to assess the efficacy of different carbon sorbents in reducing the bioavailability of pyrethroids in the process of sediment remediation. Black carbon (BC)-based materials (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and activated carbon) showed the advantageous sorption capacity over humic substance-based peat soil based on both Cfree and tissue residue in exposed clams. Of the tested BC-type materials, biochar appeared to be an ideal one in the remediation of pyrethroid-contaminated sediment. The predictive value of the PDMS chemometer approach to informing tissue residue was confirmed by a good agreement between the measured lipid-normalized concentrations of pyrethroids in clams and the lipid-based equilibrium concentrations calculated from Cfree via lipid-water partition coefficients. The quantitative inter-compartmental relationship underlying the laboratory system of sediment-pore water-PDMS-biota was also cross-validated by a mechanistically-based bioaccumulation model, thus confirming the validity of Cfree as a predictive intermediate to alert for tissue residue and guide sediment remediation. The present study revealed a great promise of sensing Cfree by polymer-based equilibrium sampling in predicting tissue residue of chemicals applied in mariculture against regulatory guidelines, and, in turn, informing remediation measures when needs arise. In situ demonstration is warranted in the future to ascertain the field applicability of this approach in real mariculture systems.
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.276
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