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Title: Status of indoor air pollution (IAP) through particulate matter (PM) emissions and associated health concerns in South Asia
Authors: Junaid, M
Syed, JH 
Abbasi, NA
Hashmi, MZ
Malik, RN
Pei, DS
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Chemosphere, 2018, v. 191, p. 651-663
Abstract: Exposure to particulate emissions poses a variety of public health concerns worldwide, specifically in developing countries. This review summarized the documented studies on indoor particulate matter (PM) emissions and their major health concerns in South Asia. Reviewed literature illustrated the alarming levels of indoor air pollution (IAP) in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh, while Sri Lanka and Bhutan are confronted with relatively lower levels, albeit not safe. To our knowledge, data on this issue are absent from Afghanistan and Maldives. We found that the reported levels of PM10 and PM2.5 in Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India were 2–65, 3–30, 4–22, 2–28 and 1–139, 2–180, 3–77, 1–40 fold higher than WHO standards for indoor PM10 (50 μg/m3) and PM2.5 (25 μg/m3), respectively. Regarding IAP-mediated health concerns, mortality rates and incidences of respiratory and non-respiratory diseases were increasing with alarming rates, specifically in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. The major cause might be the reliance of approximately 80% population on conventional biomass burning in the region. Current review also highlighted the prospects of IAP reduction strategies, which in future can help to improve the status of indoor air quality and public health in South Asia.
Keywords: Biomass burning
Hazard function
Health impacts
Indoor air quality
Particulate matter
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: Chemosphere 
ISSN: 0045-6535
EISSN: 1879-1298
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.097
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

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