Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/74558
Title: An autonomous real time charging strategy for plug-in electric vehicles to regulate frequency of distribution system with fluctuating wind generation
Authors: Xia, S
Bu, SQ 
Luo, X 
Chan, KW 
Lu, X 
Keywords: Batteries
Daily driving patterns
Fluctuations
Frequency control
Frequency regulation
Fully distributed control
Optimal charging model
Plug-in electric vehicles
State of charge
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on sustainable energy, 2018, v. 9, no. 2, p. 511-524 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on sustainable energy 
Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) could provide valuable ancillary service for power systems with intermittent renewables. This paper proposes a charging model of a large amount of PEVs to mitigate the high-level wind power fluctuations in a distribution network so as to regulate system frequency. With the prerequisite that all PEV daily driving patterns are completely satisfied, the PEV charging power is economically allocated to counterbalance the wind generation intermittency. Afterwards, a center-free control scheme based on the consensus algorithm is designed for PEVs to share the fluctuating wind generation in a fully distributed manner. The scheme is robust and flexible to practical PEV charging behaviors including arrival and departure time, initial and desired SOC as well as the frequently changed departure time. Comprehensive simulations on a distribution system with coal and diesel generators, several wind farms and 2000 PEVs demonstrate that the proposed PEV charging scheme could effectively regulate the system frequency in the real time while the PEV users&#x2019MergeCell charging requirements could be flexibly satisfied.o
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/74558
ISSN: 1949-3029
EISSN: 1949-3037
DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2746097
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