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Title: Black phosphorus quantum dots used for boosting light harvesting in organic photovoltaics
Authors: Liu, S 
Lin, S 
You, P 
Surya, C 
Lau, SP 
Yan, F 
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Angewandte chemie international edition, 2017, v. 56, no. 44, p. 13717-13721
Abstract: Although organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) have been investigated for more than two decades, the power conversion efficiencies of OPVs are much lower than those of inorganic or perovskite solar cells. One effective approach to improve the efficiency of OPVs is to introduce additives to enhance light harvesting as well as charge transportation in the devices. Here, black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs) are introduced in OPVs as an additive. By adding 0.055 wt % BPQDs relative to the polymer donors in the OPVs, the device efficiencies can be dramatically improved for more than 10 %. The weight percentage is much lower than that of any other additive used in OPVs before, which is mainly due to the two-dimentional structure as well as the strong broadband light absorption and scattering of the BPQDs. This work paves a way for using two-dimentional quantum dots in OPVs as a cost-effective approach to enhance device efficiencies.
Keywords: Black phosphorus
Light harvesting
Organic photovoltaics
Quantum dots
Solar cells
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Journal: Angewandte chemie international edition 
ISSN: 1433-7851
EISSN: 1521-3773
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201707510
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