Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/74524
Title: A review of biochar-based catalysts for chemical synthesis, biofuel production, and pollution control
Authors: Xiong, X 
Yu, IKM 
Cao, L
Tsang, DCW 
Zhang, S
Ok, YS
Keywords: Acid-catalyzed conversion
Biochar
Biorefinery
Solid catalyst
Waste valorization
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Bioresource technology, 2017, v. 246, p. 254-270 How to cite?
Journal: Bioresource technology 
Abstract: This review addresses the use of biochar as a green and versatile catalyst support for emerging high-end applications beyond soil remediation, including chemical synthesis and biodiesel production from biomass, and pollutant degradation in the environment. Their catalytic performances are comparable or even superior to the conventional resin-, silica-, or carbon-based catalysts, owing to the favourable intrinsic features of biochar (various functional groups, intricate network of structures, etc.). Yet, distinctive active sites are needed for different applications. It is highlighted that the active site accessibility for substrates critically determines the performance, which is associated with the biochar physicochemical characteristics (-SO3H site density, pore size distribution, surface area, etc.). They show varying significance depending on the catalytic sites on biochar, which may be controlled via novel pre-/post-synthesis modifications. This review elucidates the links among catalytic performances, physicochemical properties, and pyrolysis/modification-induced features, advising the tailored production of application-oriented biochar-based catalyst in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/74524
ISSN: 0960-8524
EISSN: 1873-2976
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.06.163
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