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Title: Effects of a home-based palliative heart failure program on quality of life, symptom burden, satisfaction and caregiver burden : a randomized controlled trial
Authors: Ng, AYM 
Wong, FKY 
Keywords: End-stage heart failure
Palliative care
Randomized controlled trial
Transitional care
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of pain and symptom management, 2018, v. 55, no. 1, p. 1-11 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of pain and symptom management 
Abstract: Context: Provision of home-based palliative care (PC) for seriously ill patients is important, yet few home-based PC services specifically or exclusively focus on end-stage heart failure (ESHF) patients. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of a home-based palliative heart failure (HPHF) program on quality of life (QOL), symptoms burden, functional status, patient satisfaction, and caregiver burden among patients with ESHF. Methods: This study was a two-group randomized controlled trial undertaken in three hospitals. We recruited a total of 84 hospitalized ESHF patients who were referred to PC. They were randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention group received a 12-week structured program with regular home visits/telephone calls provided by the nurse case managers. Data were collected at baseline (T1) and at four (T2) and 12 weeks (T3) after discharge. Results: A statistically significant between-group effect was found, with the HPHF group having significantly higher McGill QOL total score than the control group (P = 0.016) and there was significant group × time interaction effect (P = 0.032). There was no significant between-group effects detected for the measures of symptom distress or functional status at 12 weeks. The intervention group had higher satisfaction (P = 0.001) and lower caregiver burden (P = 0.024) than the control group at 12 weeks. Conclusion: The HPHF program is effective in enhancing the QOL of ESHF patients, satisfaction with care, and caregiver burden. The program has potential to reduce distress for some of the symptoms.
ISSN: 0885-3924
EISSN: 1873-6513
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.07.047
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